About Adverse Event Reports

Adverse event reports are crucial to alerting Americans about dangerous drugs and defective medical devices. The adverse event systems inform agencies about unknown risks, prompting them to influence labeling updates, issue safety communications and even remove products from the market.

“If you have a problem or concern about any of the products that the agency regulates, the FDA wants to hear from you,” the agency wrote on in a consumer update. The FDA lists all the products they are charged with regulating, including:

  • human prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs
  • medical devices
  • foods, including dietary supplements, infant formulas, beverages, and ingredients added to foods
  • veterinary products, including foods and drugs for animals
  • electronic products that give off radiation
  • biologics, including vaccines, blood and blood components, and tissues for transplantation
  • cosmetics
  • tobacco products

How To File A Report

The FDA encourages you to report negative experiences with pharmaceuticals and health care products, including cosmetics. If you think a product has failed, or if you believe that it may have caused a side effect or complication, you should alert the FDA.

If your experience falls within one of the categories below, you are encouraged to submit your information:

  • Unexpected side effects or adverse events
  • Product quality problems
  • Potentially preventable mistakes
  • Therapeutic failures
  • Food concern

Individuals have the option to submit complaints to the FDA by phone, mail, or online. If you prefer to provide information over the phone, the FDA has designated districts. Each region is assigned an FDA Consumer Complaint Coordinator, for which the number can be found online.

If you plan to report to the FDA online, there are various systems in place. The FDA non-emergency reporting page lists information on reporting specific, regulated products to the proper system, such as MedWatch, The FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program; VAERS, The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System; or the Safety Reporting Portal.

In the consumer update, the FDA encouraged individuals to be as detailed as possible. Users should submit adverse event reports even if they cannot be certain of complications with a product or procedure. Reports should include the name, age, gender and ethnicity of the individual, along with the name of the product and any packaging codes that could help with identification.

The report should include a description of the consumer's experience with the product, in addition to how symptoms changed if product use was discontinued. Regardless of whether you chose to seek medical attention, the FDA encourages you to file a report. If you did seek medical assistance, the treatment information should also be included.

Adverse event reports are essential to the health and safety of our nation. If you've been injured by a dangerous drug or device, be vigilant and file a report.